2.Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park, China – 2,200 Megawatts
Built in five phases and recently completed in September 2020, Huanghe Hydropower Hainan solar power station is located in the Qinghai Province in China. With a current capacity of 2,200 megawatts, this solar power station just misses the top spot. However, with major developmental plans in place, the project is expected to reach an immense capacity of 16,000 megawatts incorporating wind energy, making it a groundbreaking advancement in renewable energy production. Also, it is connected to an ultra-high voltage power line powering densely populated areas in Eastern China. Thus, any growth would be a major step forward for the country’s switch to renewable energy. In terms of its development cost, as of now, this project’s worth sits at $2.2 billion USD, making it one of the more expensive solar power stations in the world.
3.Pavagada Solar Park, India – 2,050 Megawatts
Pavagada Solar Park, located in Karnataka, India, is the world’s third-largest solar power station and the second-largest in India. With a capacity of 2,050 megawatts, it covers an area of 20.3 square miles. The park was constructed in 18 months at a cost of $2.1 billion USD, making it the largest solar plant upon completion in 2018. It was a joint venture between the Karnataka State Renewable Energy Department and the Solar Energy Corporation of India. However, the park has faced criticism for its inadequate disposal of solar panel waste, posing environmental risks.
4.Benban Solar Park, Egypt – 1,650 Megawatts
With more than 41 solar power plants spread over an area of 14 square miles, the Benban Solar Park is the fourth largest solar power station in terms of energy production. The plant has a capacity of 1,650 megawatts, making it the largest solar power station in Egypt. It is located in the barren Western Desert region, which, in coordination with NASA, was deemed to be an ideal spot with ample sunlight for optimal energy production. Thanks to this, the plant is highly efficient and powers thousands of homes and businesses in the region. The project ties in with Egypt’s goal of generating 20% of electricity from renewable sources, and mass financial backing from the state and lenders to cover the $4 billion USD cost allowed multiple private companies to build power plants in the project.
5.Tengger Desert Solar Park, China – 1,547 Megawatts
Situated in China’s fourth largest desert, the Tengger Desert Solar Park is another one of the country’s many high-capacity solar power stations. With a peak power capacity of 1,547 megawatts, it is the second largest in the country and the fifth largest in the world. The station covers an area of more than 15.6 square miles and, since its completion in 2015, has been a significant factor in pushing China to become the global leader in solar energy production. Moreover, this plant alone powers approximately 600,000 residential buildings in the country! However, as the plant is located in the northwestern end of China, where energy requirement is comparably lower, a significant amount of its energy production is wasted. Specifically, due to issues such as transmission bottlenecks, as much as 30% of solar energy can sometimes be lost.
6.Noor Abu Dabhi, UAE – 1,177 Megawatts
Noor Abu Dabhi in the United Arab Emirates is the largest solar power station in the country and comes out in 6th place on the world scale. The plant is made up of 3.2 million solar panels covering an area of just under 3.12 square miles, which allows it to reach a peak capacity of 1,177 megawatts. This is enough to cover the energy requirement for 90,000 people, and in September 2020, it powered 66,000 houses. Moreover, Noor Abu Dabhi can reduce a whopping 1 million metric tons of carbon footprint per year, equivalent to removing 200,000 cars from roads.
While it may not be the largest in the world, some unique things about Noor Abu Dabhi make it stand out. Firstly, the entire power plant is cleaned using a waterless robotic technology that travels 9,941 miles a day to keep the panels clean. Moreover, being located on a single site, unlike many others on this list, Noor Abu Dabhi is the largest single-site power plant in the world.
7.Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park, UAE – 1,013 Megawatts
Located 31 miles from the city of Dubai, Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park is the seventh-largest solar power station in the world. It has a total area of 30 square miles in the desert near Dubai and a peak capacity of 1,013 megawatts as of 2022. In addition to this, with a storage capacity of over 15 hours, the plant can produce energy continuously, making it a high-efficiency project. The solar plant is actually part of a long-term project undertaken by the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority to create a 5,000-megawatt capacity major renewable plant by 2030. This project is expected to cost more than $13 USD billion and, upon completion, reduce carbon emissions by 6.5 million tons.
8.Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park, India – 1,000 Megawatts
Operational since early 2019, the Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park is another Indian addition to this list. Peak capacity: 1,000 MW. 3rd largest in the country, 8th largest globally. Covers 9.37 sq miles, 4,580,471 panels (315W). With this, the plant is estimated to offset approximately 1.9 million tonnes of CO2 emission per year. Moreover, this park alone provides power for 80% of the Kurnool district, where it is located.
As part of India’s major push for solar energy, four prominent developers have invested in this project and developed it. Greenko, Softbank, Azure Power, and Adani Power invested a total of $735 million USD, which allowed the project to move forward.
9.Datong Solar Power Top Runner Base, China – 1,000 Megawatts
While it may not be at the top of this list, the Datong Solar Power Top Runner Base In China is a unique solar power station because of its shape. They design to appear like a giant panda covering an area of 0.39 square miles. However, the coordination of various large energy conglomerates developed the solar power plant with a peak capacity of 1,000 megawatts, along with its aesthetic appeal. Moreover, with companies such as Datong Coal Mine Group, State Power Investment, JinkoSolar Holding, and many others working on its development, there are plans to increase capacity to 3,000 megawatts in another two construction phases. The government plans to produce 3.2 billion kilowatt-hours of energy through this plant by 2046.
10.NP Kunta Ultra Mega Solar Park, India – 978.5 Megawatts
Currently, the NP Kunta Ultra Mega Solar Park is commissioning an ongoing project to have a total capacity of 978.5 megawatts when completed. This plant covers an area of nearly 12 square miles in the Andhra Pradesh state of India. They carried out the project on May 2016. However, the project faced multiple halts due to changes in the local government and other reasons, especially in 2019. As of now, more than six major energy companies own and manage sections of the power plant with further development plans, which could see the total capacity reach 1,500 megawatts. This project, once completed, would make India a key player in terms of solar and renewable energy around the globe.
The 10 Countries With The Largest Solar Power Plants
|Name Of Solar Power Plant
|Capacity (in megawatts, MW)
|Bhadla Solar Park
|Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park
|Pavagada Solar Park
|Benban Solar Park
|Tengger Desert Solar Park
|Noor Abu Dabhi
|United Arab Emirates
|Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park
|United Arab Emirates
|Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park
|Datong Solar Power Top Runner Base
|NP Kunta Ultra Mega Solar Park
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